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Glossary S

Furniture Terms

Besides offering an extraordinary selection of affordable furnishings, we also want to be your go-to authority for stylish décor. This digital glossary was created to help you get better acquainted with the variety of terms used to describe our HomeStore products. The more information we can provide, the more confident you’ll feel about choosing us for your home.

All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z #

S

Sateen
A strong, lustrous, satin-weave cotton fabric. May be bleached, dyed, printed, or made with woven patterns.
Scale
A term referring to the size of objects in relation to each other.
Sectional Furniture
Upholstered furniture composed of complementary sections that can be grouped in a variety or arrangements or used separately.
Secondary Colors
Colors produced by mixing two primary colors, such as yellow and blue to form green; red and yellow to form orange; and red and blue to form purple.
Secondary colors are green, orange, and purple
Secretaire
A sideboard with false drawers that drop forward to reveal a desk and work surface.
Self-Assembly Furniture
Also called KD, flat-pack or self-assembly furniture. Refers to furniture that is to be assembled by the end user.
Semainier
A tall, narrow seven-drawer chest introduced in the Louis XV period, with one drawer for each day of the week. Also called a lingerie chest.
Serial Numbers
Numbers that identify product (i.e., identifies vendor and manufacturer).
Serpentine Front
An item of furniture that has a curved front that is first concave, then convex before becoming concave again.
Serving Table
A long narrow table with drawers.
Settee
Another word for a sofa.
Settle
A rustic wooden bench having a high back and solid arms. The seat is often hinged to reveal storage space beneath.
Shade
The darker values of a color obtained by mixing the color with black.
Shaker Design
Furniture made by the Shaker religious sect, noted for its functional simplicity, austere beauty and fine workmanship.
Sheen
In wood finishing, this is a degree of luster of a dried film.
Shield Back Chair
A chair in the Hepplewhite style having a back in the shape of a shield.
Short Rail
Displaying a bed’s headboard and footboard using 6 inch rails.
Sideboard
A buffet or a credenza. A long, waist high piece of furniture used for serving food. The most common arrangement is cupboards below and drawers above.
Side Chair
A chair with a small seat (15 to 18 inches wide) and no arms.
Annora Side Chairs
Sisal
A strong natural fiber originally used for rope; now often used to make rugs; sometimes blended with wool in carpet.
Skirt
A fabric valence around the base of an upholstered chair, sofa, etc., to hide the legs and wood construction of the seat.
Slat
Any thin, flat section of wood. Examples are bed slats which are used to support a mattress and horizontal back slats in a ladder back chair.
Sleigh Bed
A popular French Empire-style bed having a high scrolled headboard and footboard, creating the impression of a sleigh or a boat (also called “lit bateau” or “boat bed”).
Slip Cover
A removable fitted cover made to protect upholstery fabric, cover worn upholstery or to provide a change for a new season.
Slip seat
A removable, upholstered chair seat.
Sofa
Also called a couch; it is an upholstered seat typically for more than one person.
Sofa Bed
A generic term referring to a variety of sofas with mechanisms that allows them to convert from a sofa to a bed. Also called a sofa sleeper or convertible sofa.
Softwood
Wood from an evergreen tree such as the pine with needle-like, scale-like, or coniferous leaves.
Space
Interior space is the shaped volume defined by various architectural forms such as ceiling, floors, walls and other architectural elements. A Designer will evaluate and use tools to define structure and alter it.
Spindle Back
A chair having vertically arranged spindles in the back.
Splat
A flat, vertical piece of wood found in the center of a chair back.
Staining
For wood finishing, this is the process of applying coloring matter to the outer surfaces of wood to enhance the grain, provide uniform overall color, or to imitate or match other cabinet woods.
Stretcher
A horizontal arrangement of rails used to connect the legs on tables and chairs to provide structural strength.
Stylized
A design that has been done according to the rules of a style rather than according to nature.
Sunburst
Figured wood grain in which rays radiate outward from a central point. Also called pie match.
Symmetry
Formal balance created by arranging objects so they form mirror images on either side of an imaginary line that goes through the middle of a grouping of objects.